UC Berkeley is partnering with the Allen Institute for Brain Science in Seattle on a five-year effort to count, catalog and connect the many different cell types in the mouse brain, as a foundation for doing the same for the human brain. Funded by the National Institutes of Health, the Allen Institute-led consortium represents an international team of scientists that will construct a comprehensive whole-brain atlas of cell types, essentially a parts list of the mouse brain.
Berkeley was awarded a new $13.43 million BRAIN Initiative grant from the National Institutes of Health to build the next generation of functional magnetic resonance imaging, or fMRI by 2019. The NexGen 7T will provide the highest resolution images of the brain ever obtained, able to focus on a region the size of a poppy seed. Lead researcher David Feinberg notes, “The much higher resolution imaging will overcome size barriers in imaging the cortex and should lead to new discoveries in the human brain, hopefully with major medical impact.
The Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute has selected a multidisciplinary team of Berkeley scientists led by Markita Landry to receive the inaugural research award of the Radical Ideas in Brain Science Challenge. The winning team, which includes Linda Wilbrecht, Marla Feller, and Jose Carmena, will receive $300,000 in seed funding — made possible through the generosity of Andrea and Peter Roth, P'05 — to develop nanosensors to study how neuromodulators like dopamine affect our mood, attention, and behavior, in diseases such as Autism.
A founder of modern neuroscience and professor emerita of integrative biology at Berkeley, Marion Cleeves Diamond died July 25 in Oakland at the age of 90. Diamond gained fame in 1984 by examining preserved sections of Albert Einstein’s brain. Her primary scientific accomplishment came from showing how an enriched environment could enhance the brain’s internal structure, overturning the traditional view of the brain as a static entity that declines with age. A gifted and engaging teacher, Diamond inspired generations of students in her human anatomy courses until she retired in 2014.
Berkeley engineers have built the first dust-sized wireless sensors that can be implanted in the body in order to monitor the real-time activity of nerves, muscles, or organs. These Neural Dust sensors, each the size of a sand grain, use ultrasound to power and read out measurements, so it could potentially be used throughout the body. Ultimately, this technology could improve the brain’s control of external prosthetics or lead to treatments for disorders such as epilepsy.